Bees can take care of themselves, but that would only happen in a perfect world. You as the beekeeper will have to provide for some of their needs and make sure they would never run into problem.
As a potential beekeeper, you must be knowledgeable about the various diseases affecting your bees such as American foulbrood, and pests like tracheal and varroa mites. You as a beekeeper must know how to prevent or reduce mite population inside the hive.
You must also be aware of the effects of the treatments you will use like pesticides to your honey bees. Moreover, if you fail to apply good swarm control techniques, there is a strong possibility that your bees will swarm.
A beekeeper must expect the following Diseases and Pests:
- American Foulbrood
- European Foulbrood
- Wax Moths
- Tracheal Mites
- Varroa Mites
A beekeeper must also be alert when it comes to swarming. Although honey bees reproduce through mating and egg-laying, swarming is how they create new colonies.
When they swarm, honey bees might move into hollow trees or voids inside walls of houses. Beekeeper must also watch for absconding.
This is when bees leave or run away from their hive. Ants and termites can also bother bees. Termites will eat your wooden frames and boxes. The honey inside the hive might be eaten by some ants.