This is the floor or the bottom board of the hive. It is a few inches longer than the brood box which also provides a landing strip for the bees. They would need a platform to land on when they get back to the hive carrying nectar and pollen. It serves as the door for bees where they fly in and out. Between the base and the bottom bars, there should be a bee space so the bees will not stick the frames to the floor.
Brood and Honey Box
The brood box is the bottom box of the hive wherein the queen lays her eggs and the young bees are being bred. The honey box is what you call the top box where most of the honey is located.
A frame has 4 sides, 2 side bars, a top bar and a bottom bar. At the bottom of the top bar is a groove to slide the wax foundation into. The sidebars have tabs in order to avoid pushing the frames tight. They are called self-spacing frames that keeps the bee space open.
These are basically thin sheets of beeswax about the same size of the frames. A honeycomb pattern is pressed into them. Once the frame is placed in the hive, the bees start to add wax to the foundation. A foundation basically encourages the bees to create comb.
Inner Cover or Rice Bag
This is placed between the honey box and the lid in order for the bees to avoid sticking the top bars of the frames to the lid with propolis. A beekeeper can also use a rice bag.
This is basically the roof of the hive which protects it from rain. A lid can be a piece of timber so the rain won’t seep in. Sheet steel roofing can also be placed on top of the lids to protect the hives.