Things to Do

A beekeeper or apiarist has different tasks in each season.

During winter, there is not much to do with the hives if you already did all the right things in late summer and fall. However, you still have to keep your sight on mites. Count for mites in sticky-board for three days and treat them if necessary and remove the chemical strip after six weeks. During winter, you can decide the number of hives you would want for the next year and the number of bees to make a strong colony.

In spring, food stores must be checked every week. The brood should always be kept in the bottom by reversing the supers every two weeks. Add a third super when the population starts to grow again. Avoid swarming by changing the queen with a younger one.

During summer, the honey should be extracted as soon as possible before hive beetles ruin them. But leave enough honey for the month of July and August when the nectar is few. If you detect Varroa mites, you should treat them at once in order to maintain a healthy colony for a more fall honey flow. In order to be ready for the fall season, you should start arranging frames and super.

It is recommended to have 10 or more frames of bees during fall. Half full frames are combined with other hives. In early fall, there should be plenty of food stores and three to four frames is good. Feed the queen with syrup if there is not much egg-laying by mid September. In preparation for winter, the supers should be arranged.